White Spot Removal in West Seneca, NY
Experienced West Seneca Dentists Providing Affordable White Spot Removal Services
Unlike other dental issues, such as plaque buildup, there are a variety of ways to correct or mask white spots on teeth.
Chemical compounds that contain fluoride, a common version of the gas fluorine, are essential in the prevention of cavities. Enamel, the firm white coating on the outside of the teeth, can regenerate when exposed to fluoride, which weakens bacteria’s ability to create tooth-destroying acid. Fluoride is crucial to the development and maintenance of the teeth, but the consumption of too much fluoride has the potential to be detrimental to oral health. Dental fluorosis, a form of fluoride toxicity that effects the mouth, can permanently stain or even corrode the teeth in the condition’s most severe stages. Severe dental fluorosis is relatively rare, but the mildest form of the disease can be detected by the appearance of telltale white stains on the enamel. These white spots indicate that a person has merely ingested too much fluoride over a short period, and not that full-fledged fluorosis has taken hold. Nevertheless, because uniform coloring is considered essential to a perfect smile, though these spots have no negative effects on the integrity of a tooth, a popular dental treatment has emerged that involves the removal of white spots caused by fluoride overconsumption.
The fluoridation of much of the drinking water in the United States in the mid-twentieth century led to a sharp decline in the incidence of dental caries, or cavities, among adults and children. Fluoride naturally occurs in groundwater, but its addition to drinking water was a boon to preventative dentistry from coast to coast. Whereas the dental health of the majority of U.S. Americans did improve as a result of this fluoridation, there are regions of North America, such as the southern shore of Lake Ontario, in which fluoride in the groundwater is naturally overabundant. People living in these areas are inherently prone to developing fluorosis from drinking groundwater unless much of the fluoride is removed prior to consumption. Other common sources of fluorosis are dental care products themselves, which are normally harmless but can pose a threat when swallowed. Regular ingestion of toothpaste and oral rinses increases the quantity of fluoride in the body, potentially causing the appearance of fluorosis symptoms.
Another prevalent cause of white spots is the demineralization of enamel due to bacterial infection. When poor oral hygiene practices or injuries from trauma weaken the stability and strength of enamel, bacteria can accumulate and infiltrate the cracks in a tooth. Whereas bacteria are often responsible for the incidence of cavities, which darken teeth to a noticeable degree, bacterial infection can have the opposite effect as well. The bacteria reduce hydroxyapatite, a chief component of bone tissue, into smaller compounds, thereby creating microscopic holes in the enamel. These holes can slowly fill with fluid, creating the white blemishes characteristic of demineralization.
A relatively simple method of healing discoloration is by chewing gum that contains CPP-ACP (casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate), a compound also known by the brand name Recaldent® that helps enamel to rebuild. More comprehensive procedures are available through visits to a dentist, though, who may recommend resin infiltration or topical remineralization therapy. When applied to the enamel, a resin infiltrant attacks pockets where hydroxyapatite breakdown has occurred and restores the enamel to its original surface hardness. In order to retain the effects of resin infiltration, use of a prescription toothpaste can provide therapeutic remineralization, repairing the pores in the teeth that permitted bacteria to invade and bleach the enamel.